Law Enforcement Responses for Addressing Gang Activity

Addressing Community Gang Problems: A Model For Problem Solving

    Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), January 1997.  Proposes a model that attempts to assist local communities in addressing gang problems by focusing on preventive and suppressive methods.

Addressing Community Gang Problems: A Practical Guide

    Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), May 1998.  Prepared by the Police Executive Research Forum, this is a useful tool providing guidelines for agencies and community groups to develop individualized responses to local gang problems. Provides a foundation for understanding the diverse nature of gangs, the problems they pose, the harm they cause, and two analytical models for addressing gang-related problems.

Assessment of Multi-Agent Approach to Drug Involved Gang Members

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), November 2000.  This research assesses the efficacy of a multi-agency project charged with reducing gang crime, specifically drug offenses.

Balanced and Restorative Justice - Program Summary

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), 1994. Describes the restorative justice framework that promotes involvement of the victim, offender, and community in the justice process and allows juvenile justice systems and agencies to improve their capacity to protect the community and ensure accountability of the offender and the system.

Boston's Operation Night Light: New Roles, New Rules

    Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), August 1998.  This Law Enforcement Bulletin discusses probation and police officers working together in Boston to ensure that high-risk offenders comply with the terms of their probation.

Boys and Girls Clubs of America

    Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), October 1995.  This fact sheet shows the effectiveness of the Boys and Girls Club on community problems such as drugs.


    Federal Bureau of Law Enforcement (FBI), March 1998.  This Law Enforcement Bulletin discusses how police departments should consider fourth amendment implications of limiting access to high-crime areas.

Combating Fear and Restoring Safety in Schools

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 1998. This bulletin examines the climate of violence that threatens our schools and describes steps that concerned citizens are taking to restore security and calm.

Comprehensive Gang Model: Planning for Implementation

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), July 2002. Describes the model, and provides information on the data behind it, criteria for strategies to implement the model, developing an implementation plan, staffing, street outreach, evaluation, and lessons learned from five urban sites.

Conflict Resolution

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 1997.  Teaching young people how to manage conflict can help reduce juvenile violence in juvenile facilities, schools, and communities while providing lifelong decision-making skills. This fact sheet discusses four approaches to conflict resolution education: process curriculum, peer mediation, peaceable classroom, and peaceable school.

Conflict Resolution Education: A Guide to Implementing Programs in Schools, Youth-Serving Organizations, and Community and Juvenile Justice Settings

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), October 1996. Geared toward educators, juvenile justice practitioners, and others in youth-serving organizations, this guide provides background information on conflict resolution education, an overview of four effective approaches, and guidance on how to initiate and implement conflict resolution education programs.

Designing Out Gang Homicides and Street Assaults

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), November 1998. Describes the Los Angeles Police Department's successful "Operation Cul de Sac" program for reducing gang violence by blocking automobile access to certain streets.

Early Precursors of Gang Membership: A Study of Seattle Youth

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), December 2001. The Seattle Social Development Project is a longitudinal study of youth living in high-crime neighborhoods and the predictors that lead to participation in gangs.

Employment and Training for Court-Involved Youth: An Overview

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 1999. This bulletin provides an overview of the work of the Task Force on Employment and Training for Court-Involved Youth and describes promising programs: early intervention, residential, and aftercare.

Establishment of a Police Gang Unit: An Examination of Rational and Institutional Considerations, December 2000

    U.S Department of Justice (DOJ), December 2000.  This study uses a multidimensional method to ascertain the factors that shaped their decisions about a community's gang problem.

Gang Structures, Crime Patterns, and Police Responses

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), June 2001.  Provides data on how street gang crime patterns related to common patterns of street gang structure provide focused, data-based guidelines for gang intervention and control.

Gang Structures, Crime Patterns, and Police Responses: A Summary Report

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), June 2001. Provides focused, data-based guidelines for gang intervention and control.  It estimates the national prevalence of various types of gang structures and perceived patterns of associated criminal activity and constructs crime profiles for the most common gang structures.  Data sources include law enforcement gang experts in 59 cities and information from 110 candidate cities regarding their capacity to furnish crime data linked to different types of gangs.  The study concludes that if the nation is to base gang-control policies on police-recorded gang data, then law enforcement will need major assistance in accurately reflecting the nature of gang arrests.

G.R.E.A.T. Program Information

    Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), 2004.  The G.R.E.A.T. Program is a school-based, law enforcement officer-instructed classroom curriculum.  The program's primary objective is prevention and is intended as an immunization against delinquency, youth violence, and gang membership.  The lessons focus on providing life skills to students to help them avoid delinquent behavior and violence to solve problems.

Guide for Implementing the Balanced and Restorative Justice Model

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), December 1998.  This document will assist juvenile justice professionals in implementing this approach to juvenile justice through its three components: accountability, competency development, and community safety.

How to Analyze and Battle Incidents of Graffiti: CgrAs - Citywide Graffiti Abatement System

    Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS). The Crime Mapping Newsletter, Spring 2004 edition was published by the Police Foundation. It describes the development by the Santa Monica (California) Police Department of a GPS-based system for accessing, mapping, and analyzing incidents of graffiti, and for providing detailed information about sources of graffiti, perpetrator target locations, and the nature of the graffiti.

OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model: A Guide to Assessing Your Community's Youth Gang Problem

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), June 2002. This guide will assist policymakers, practitioners, and community leaders in assessing and understanding their youth gang problems and developing an integrated plan to reduce gang crime in their communities.

Planning a Successful Crime Prevention Project

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 1998. The bulletin is a workbook designed to help youth counselors plan, select, design, and implement a successful crime-prevention project for a community using a five-step Success Cycle.

Police Response to Gangs: A Multi-Site Study

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), April 2004. Prepared by Arizona State University West, this research report describes the assumptions, issues, problems, and events that have been characterizing, shaping, and defining police response to local gang problems in the United States, centering on Albuquerque, New Mexico; Inglewood, California; Las Vegas, Nevada; and Phoenix, Arizona.

Policing by Injunction: Problem-Oriented Dimensions of Civil Gang Abatement in the State of California

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), November 2002. Civil gang abatement is promoted as a problem-oriented response to high-drug, high-crime, and high-disorder initiatives. This report looks at the dimensions of flexibility and community involvement in this process.

Preventing Adolescent Gang Involvement

    OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin, September 2000. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Offers a solid foundation on which to build a comprehensive strategy to prevent youth gang involvement, examining the youth gang problem within the larger context of juvenile violence. Describes key characteristics of youth gangs, and the risk factors for gang membership, including individual and family demographics, personal attributes, and peer group, school, and community factors.

Preventing Gang and Drug-Related Witness Intimidation

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), November 1996. Report describes how several jurisdictions have carried out victim/witness security strategies and offers a blueprint for combining the approaches into a comprehensive, structured program to protect witnesses and help ensure their cooperation with the justice system.

Promising Strategies to Reduce Gun Violence

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), February 1999. Publication is designed as a toolbox to provide law enforcement, state and local elected officials, prosecutors, judges, community organizations, and other policymakers with practical information about a range of strategies for reducing gun violence.

Prosecuting Gang Cases: What Local Prosecutors Need to Know

    Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), April 2004.  The goal of this report is to provide trial strategies for prosecutors of gang cases.

Reducing Gun Violence: The Boston Gun Project's Operation Ceasefire

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), September 2001. As part of the NIJ's Reducing Gun Violence publication series, this report is a problem-oriented policing initiative aimed at taking on the serious problem of homicide victimization among youths in Boston. It details the problem, the program designed to address it, problems confronted in designing, implementing, and evaluating the effort, plus strategies in response to obstacles.

Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), July 2002. A collection of papers representative of the National Institute of Justice's portfolio of gang-related research. Ten chapters present different aspects of gang problems and research.

Specialized Gang Units: Form and Function in Community Policing

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), October 2004.  This research examined whether community policing and specialized gang units are complementary or conflicting approaches. The research approach consisted of qualitative examination of police department procedures and practices, and extensive field observation of gang personnel.

The Crime Mapping Newsletter

    Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), Summer 2004.  This newsletter was published by the Police Foundation. The first article is about factors to consider when creating gang maps for analysis; the second article discusses the use of mapping in analyzing specific gang activity; the third article describes an intelligence process used to combat gang and gang networking.

Urban Street Gang Enforcement

    Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), January 1997. This monograph focuses on enforcement and prosecution strategies against urban street gangs. The model programs presented are based on the practical experiences of agencies that participated in a demonstration program funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance.

Victim and Witness Intimidation: New Developments and Emerging Responses

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), October 1995. This 16-page report summarizes developments in gang- and drug-related intimidation of victims and witnesses, responses by police and prosecutors to the problem, and models and strategies for its prevention and suppression.

Youth Gang Programs and Strategies

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), August 2000. This report draws on more than 50 years of gang program evaluations. It outlines programs and strategies that have been and are being used to break the lure and appeal of gangs and reduce gang crime and violence.