Gang Activity in Specific Populations

A Comprehensive Response to America’s Youth Gang Problem

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 1997.  This fact sheet details the prevalence of youth gangs and provides possible solutions to the problem.

A Guide to Assessing Your Community's Youth Gang Problem

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), June 2002. This guide has been developed to assist policymakers, practitioners, and community leaders in assessing and understanding their youth gang problem and developing an integrated plan to reduce gang crime in their community.

Female Gang Involvement in a Midwestern City: Correlates, Nature and Meanings

    Department of Justice (DOJ), December 1999. A comparative survey conducted in Columbus, Ohio of young girls who are gang members and those who are not. Correlates gang involvement among girls, the life contexts shaping their participation, the meanings they attribute to it, and the structures and activities of the gangs and the girls' roles in them.

Female Gangs: A Focus on Research

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 2001. The article summarizes past and present research into female gangs and tracks their rise in number and the increased public recognition of female gang involvement as a significant social problem.

Gang Homicide in LA, 1989, 2001

    California Attorney General, February 2004.  Explores youth gang homicide in Los Angeles County. Argues that the  environment of LA has created a gang culture unique to the rest of California.

Gangs in Middle America: Are They a Threat?

    Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), December 2001.  Examines the history of gangs in the Midwest and their threat. The article also covers the topic of gang migration.

Gangs in Rural America, Final Report

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), September 2001. Using the National Youth Gang Surveys (NYGS), this study has two components. First, the NYGS data were merged with other county level data to create a unique data set for considering the relationship between reports of gang presence and county level social, economic, and demographic characteristics. Second, the study used interviews with agencies in rural counties that reported gang presence, the nature of gang problems, and effective responses to rural gangs.

Hybrid and Other Modern Gangs

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), December 2001. This piece describes the nature of modern youth gangs, in particular, hybrid gangs which are characterized by mixed racial and ethnic participation within a single gang.

Modern-Day Youth Gangs

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), June 2002. The article compares the characteristics of gangs and gang members in jurisdictions with later onset of gang problems with those of gangs and gang members with earlier onset of gang problems.

Street Gangs and Drug Sales in Two Suburban Cities

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), September 1995.  Examines gangs involvement in violence and drug sales in two Los Angeles neighborhoods. The statistical connection between street gangs, drug sales, and violence was smaller than anticipated.

Understanding Life in an East LA

    Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), July 1996.  This is a comparative study of non-gang and gang families in an East LA neighborhood. Differentiating features of both types of families are identified.

Vietnamese Youth Gang Involvement

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), February 2001. This bulletin discusses the results of a study by the city of Westminster in Orange County, California that examined the factors related to gang involvement by Vietnamese American youth.

Youth Gangs in Indian Country

    Office of Justice Programs (OJP), March 2004.  This study analyzes the prevalence of gangs and violence among American Indian communities.

Youth Gangs in Schools

    Office of Justice Programs (OJP), August 2000.  This bulletin covers such topics as gang migration, female involvement in gangs, and the response/needs of communities who must deal with gang activity.