Criminal Behaviors of Gangs

Adolescent Homicides in Los Angeles: Are They Different From Other Homicides? Summary

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ)/Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 2002. Summarizes the findings of an assessment of comparable samples of adolescent homicides and adult homicides in Los Angeles, concluding that gang factors loom large in the distinction between adolescent and other homicides.

Alcohol and Violence in the Lives of Gang Members

    National Institute of Health (NIH), 2001.  This study examines the link between gang culture and alcohol use.

Criminal Behavior of Gang Members and At-Risk Youths

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), March 1998.  This bulletin focuses on the differences between the criminal behaviors of non-gang at-risk youth and gang-affiliated youth. This study concurs with others in its finding that youth gang affiliation increases frequency and violent nature of criminal behavior.

Dreams, Gangs, and Guns: The Interplay Between Adolescent Violence and Immigration

    National Institute of Justice (NIJ), April 2002.  The results of this study is the conclusion of ethnographic research of a neighborhood in NYC which showed that the generation gap between immigrant children and their parents caused them to rely on violent peer groups for protection.

Gang and Drug Related Homicide: Baltimore's Successful Enforcement Strategy

    Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), July 2003. This bulletin examines the phenomenon of violent inner-city gangs and introduces an investigative approach to combating these gangs in Baltimore, Maryland.

Gang Members on the Move

    Office of Justice Programs (OJP), October 1998.  This report focuses on gang migration and proliferation and how these two phenomena may affect each other.

Gang Membership, Delinquent Peers, and Delinquent Behavior

    Office of Justice Programs (OJP), October 1998.  This bulletin covers such topics as gang migration, female involvement in gangs, and the response/needs of communities who must deal with gang activity.

Gangs and Victimization at School

    U.S. Department of Education (DOE), July 1995.  This study found that the prevalence of gangs does not depend on racial characteristics of a school or whether or not it was in an urban or suburban setting. The study did find that the presence of gangs predicted the amount of victimization and fear present in a school.

Homicide in Los Angeles: An Analysis of the Differential Character of Adolescent and Other Homicides

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 2002.  Describes a research project that placed emphasis on four dimensions of youth violence in the Los Angeles: patterns of gang participation, drug and alcohol involvement, weapons use, and differential patterns among ethnic minorities.

The Youth Gangs, Drugs, and Violence Connection

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), January 1999. This bulletin describes the critical differences between drug gangs and street gangs and explores the connections between youth gangs and adult criminal organizations plus the role of firearms in gang violence.

Violent Neighborhoods, Violent Kids

    Office of Justice Programs (OJP), March 2002.  This bulletin reports the delinquent behavior of boys living in the three most violent neighborhoods in Washington D.C. and the community's involvement in their development.

Youth Gang Drug Trafficking

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), December 1999. This bulletin provides an analysis of extensive youth drug-trafficking data and identifies areas for further research. Also discusses the policy implications of these findings for communities struggling to curb the negative impact of youth gangs in their midst.

Youth Gang Homicides in the 1990's

    Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 2001. This fact sheet presents the results of a study of youth gang homicides in American cities in the 1990's.