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Community Policing Resources

Community Policing Self-Assessment Tool (CP-SAT) ResourcesCommunity Policing Self-Assessment Tool (CP-SAT) Resources

The Community Policing Self-Assessment Tool (CP-SAT) is a web-based agency-wide survey that helps law enforcement agencies (LEAs) measure their progress in implementing community policing and captures information about community partnerships, problem solving, and organizational impact. Upon completion of the CP-SAT, agencies are provided a CP-SAT Results Report, which summarizes their confidential results in a user-friendly format. The CP-SAT results and related resources may be used to help support strategic planning, identify a list of training needs, and promote the agency's community policing successes to the public and governing officials.

The following is a list of community policing resources that are available to support LEAs in addressing and enhancing their community policing efforts based on the identification of community policing strengths and areas for improvement, as noted in their agency-specific CP-SAT Results Report.

Partnerships Resources

These resources provide information related to developing, maintaining, and enhancing collaborative partnerships between the law enforcement agency and the individuals and organizations they serve to develop solutions to problems and increase trust in police.

Advancing Community Policing Through Community Governance: A Framework Document
This resource details the community governance philosophy and describes its implementation in five communities across the country.


Bringing Victims into Community Policing
This publication focuses on the role of crime victims in advancing community policing. It includes first responder guides to dealing with victims of crimes.




Law Enforcement and Public Health: Resources and Strategies for Safer Communities
This report documents the discussion at an executive session aimed at exploring how public health approaches and partnerships can help law enforcement practitioners prevent and reduce incidents of violence.

Making the Match: Law Enforcement, the Faith Community and the Value-Based Initiative
This publication provides an in-depth look at how some of the partnerships those grants funded have come together, the challenges they have met, and the successes they have enjoyed.

Operation Partnership: Trends and Practices in Law Enforcement and Private Security Collaborations
This publication is intended to help law enforcement and private security organizations develop and operate effective partnerships to address issues of mutual concern.

Partnering with Businesses to Address Public Safety Problems
This guide reviews the impact of crime against business and the roles businesses play in contributing to crime. It presents and analyzes types of partnerships and strategies for forming partnerships.


Policing in New Immigrant Communities
This report is based on the common challenges that law enforcement agencies face when working with immigrant communities.




Problem-Solving Partnerships: Including the Community for a Change
This publication summarizes findings from the national evaluation of the COPS Problem-Solving Partnership (PSP) program conducted by the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF).


Reaching Out to the Private Sector: Building Partnerships and Managing your Workforce
This resource compiles suggestions and solutions from top criminal justice leaders and Fortune 500 executives on the topics of recruitment and retention, organizational transformation, and leadership development.

The COPS Collaboration Toolkit: How to Build, Fix, and Sustain Productive Partnerships
This toolkit provides practical guidance to law enforcement agencies as they develop and sustain partnerships that support community policing.


The Collaboration Toolkit for Community Organizations
This toolkit is designed to assist community organizations initiate effective partnerships with their law enforcement agencies and collaborate on solving crime problems at the neighborhood level.


The Collaboration Toolkit for Law Enforcement: Effective Strategies to Partner with the Community
This toolkit is designed to assist community organizations initiate effective partnerships with their law enforcement agencies and collaborate on solving crime problems at the neighborhood level.

Problem Solving Resources

These publications provide information to help develop and implement a process to engage in the proactive and systematic examination of identified problems to develop effective responses that are evaluated rigorously.

A New Approach to Evaluation: A Guide to Improving Your Program
This publication is designed to provide practitioners and researchers with a new approach to evaluating their programs. With the new initiatives that are occurring in policing and crime prevention, it is critical to understand the effectiveness of these programs outside of how good they look on paper.


A Police Organizational Model for Crime Reduction: Institutionalizing Problem Solving, Analysis, and Accountability
This organizational model focuses on the institutionalization of effective crime reduction strategies into police agencies.


Analyzing Repeat Victimization
This guide is intended as a tool to help police identify and understand patterns of repeat victimization for a range of crime and disorder problems. It describes the concept of repeat victimization and its relationship to other patterns in public safety problems, such as hot spots and repeat offenders.


Assessing Responses to Problems: An Introductory Guide for Police Problem-Solvers
This problem-solving tool summarizes knowledge about information gathering and analysis techniques that might assist police at any of the four main stages of a problem-oriented project: scanning, analysis, response and assessment.


Crime Analysis Case Studies
This publication from the Police Foundation's Crime Mapping and Problem Analysis Laboratory provides practical examples from four very different communities that showcase the utility of crime analysts and the type of analyses that can be achieved given the proper training, skills, and leadership.


Crime Analysis for Problem Solvers in 60 Small Steps
This manual, written by two leading crime prevention experts, is intended for crime analysts and other police officials working on problem oriented policing projects.


Crime Prevention Research Review No. 2: Police Enforcement Strategies to Prevent Crime in Hot Spot Areas
This report summarizes the findings from all rigorous academic studies evaluating police enforcement strategies in hot spot areas. It finds that focusing efforts on places with high crime and calls for service can effectively be used to prevent crime in those locations.


Effective Policing and Crime Prevention: A Problem-Oriented Guide for Mayors, City Managers, and County Executives
The focus of this publication is intended to help local government executives understand how local government in general, and local police in particular, can more effectively meet this challenge of establishing public safety.


Enhancing the Problem-Solving Capacity of Crime Analysis Units
This guide in the Problem-Solving Tools Series of the Problem-Oriented Guides for Police, is intended for police managers seeking to ensure that their crime analysts are properly inducted into the police environment and that their analytical work is fully integrated into departmental operations.


Implementing Responses to Problems
This guide deals with the process of implementing responses to problems in problem-oriented policing (POP) initiatives. It addresses the reasons why responses do or do not get properly implemented, and offers suggestions to better ensure that they do.


Institutionalizing Problem Analysis: Case Studies of Five Police Agencies
The purpose of this report is to document the problem analysis process that took place in these five law enforcement agencies so they may serve as examples to others seeking to enhance this function.


Problem Analysis in Policing
Problem Analysis in Policing introduces and defines problem analysis and provides guidance on how problem analysis can be integrated and institutionalized into modern policing practices.


Problem-Solving Tips: A Guide to Reducing Crime and Disorder Through Problem-Solving Partnerships
This guide is intended as a reference for those who are interested in implementing an effective or enhancing a current problem-solving approach; this guide contains information and insights into the process.


Shifting and Sharing Responsibility for Public Safety Problems
This guide examines how the police can persuade private citizens, businesses, or the government to respond to common crime and disorder problems, provided that they do not violate basic standards of propriety and legality.


The Integration of Crime Analysis into Patrol Work: A Guidebook
This document offers guidance to law enforcement agencies on integrating data collection and crime analysis into regular patrol work within a community policing context.


Using Analysis for Problem-Solving: A Guidebook for Law Enforcement
This guide provides law enforcement practitioners with a resource for conducting problem analysis. It summarizes many challenges of the analysis phase of the problem-solving process.


Using Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design in Problem-Solving
This guide is a resource for understanding and using crime prevention through environmental design as a problem-solving tool.


Using Offender Interviews to Inform Police Problem Solving
This guide provides a summary of important findings from offender interviews and concrete recommendations on how to set about conducting offender interviews for problem-oriented policing projects.


Organizational Transformation Resources

The resources listed will help agencies identify strategies to align organizational management, structure, personnel, and information systems to support community partnerships and proactive problem solving.

COPS Evaluation Brief No. 3: Creating a Culture of Integrity
This evaluation is an examination of the successes and challenges of the COPS Creating A Culture of Integrity.



E-COP: Using the Web to Enhance Community Policing
This intentionally brief publication illustrates some of the ways in which e-policing can support and enhance community policing. From tweeting with the community to soliciting information from online anonymous tip sites, the police are using the Internet, websites, and other digital technologies to enhance their community policing efforts.


"Good To Great" Policing: Application of Business Management Principles in the Public Sector
This publication takes the core principles articulated by Jim Collins in his best-selling book Good to Great and applies them to law enforcement.


Guidance for Building Communities of Trust (BCOT)
This guide focuses on developing relationships of trust between law enforcement, fusion centers, and the communities they serve, particularly immigrant and minority communities, so that the challenges of crime control and prevention of terrorism can be addressed.


Innovations in Police Recruitment and Hiring – Hiring in the Spirit of Service
As the issue of recruiting and retaining quality law enforcement officers makes national headlines, this report helps fill the void by telling the story of how five sites selected to participate in a COPS-funded project entitled "Hiring in the Spirit of Service," implemented significant change into existing hiring processes to recruit and select law enforcement officers that reflect a more service-oriented field.


Law Enforcement Recruitment Toolkit
The Law Enforcement Recruitment Toolkit developed by the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) comprises four reports, each focusing on a different area of recruitment.


Making Police Reforms Endure: The Keys for Success
The Keys for Success presents a framework that other police departments can use to examine and support their efforts to institutionalize police reforms.



Maximizing the Benefits of Reform: Integrating Compstat and Community Policing in America
The goal of this publication is to challenge policymakers, practitioners, and scholars to reconsider the current relationship between Compstat and community policing and conceive of more innovative approaches to their co-implementation. As a starting point, we make four key recommendations for integration of these two powerful reforms.

Measuring Excellence: Planning and Managing Evaluations of Law Enforcement Initiatives
This guide, developed by ICF International with funding from the COPS Office, provides practical information and advice on conducting quality evaluations that recognize the unique challenges inherent in police work.


Police Labor-Management Relations (Vol. I): Perspectives and Practical Solutions for Implementing Change, Making Reforms, and Handling Crises for Managers and Union Leaders
The COPS Office has produced two volumes on police labor and management relations to provide guidance on this complex subject. Volume I was written by leading law enforcement managers and labor leaders. It offers police managers and union leaders a variety of perspectives and practical solutions for implementing change and reforms.

Police Labor-Management Relations (Vol. II): A Guide for Implementing Change, Making Reforms, and Handling Crises for Managers and Union Leaders
The COPS Office has produced two volumes on police labor and management relations to provide guidance on this complex subject. Volume II is a companion guidebook to Volume I and provides a framework for using methods and tools that will enable management and labor to work together more effectively.


Police Training Officer (PTO) Manual
This manual presents the PTO model to Police Training Officers, and is intended for use in their classroom instruction and as a resource when training new officers.



Police Training Officer (PTO) Overview and Introduction
This training program for Police Training Officers incorporates contemporary methods in adult education and a version of the problem-based learning method of teaching adapted for police. Most important, it serves to ensure that academy graduates' first exposure to the real world is one that reflects policing in the 21st century.


Information related to the Community Policing Self-Assessment Tool (CP-SAT) is available on the Community Policing Self-Assessment page.

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